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Apollo moon samples, ancient DNA and otters: This week in space and science



Hidden in one of the darkest corners of the Orion constellation, this Cosmic Bat spreads its blurry wings through an interstellar space of two thousand light-years away. It is illuminated by young stars that are nestled at its core – despite being shrouded by the cloudless clouds of dust, their bright rays still explain the nebula.

In this illustration, many ring rings are around the sun. These rings form when the gravity of the planets is habitat dust in the orbit around the sun. Recently, scientists have seen a ring of dust in Mercury's orbit. Others assume that the origin of the ring of Venus's dust is a group of unspecified co-orbital asteroids.

This is the impression of an artist in globular clusters of stars surrounding the Milky Way.

Impressions of an artist's life on a planet in orbit around a binary star system, seen as two suns in the sky.

An illustration of an artist in one of the most distant solar systems things have yet to be observed, 201

8 VG18 – also known as "Farout." The color of the pink indicates the presence of ice. We have no idea what the "FarFarOut" looks like.

This is the artist's concept of the small moon Hippocamp discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope. Just 20 miles in total, it can be really a broken-off fragment from a larger neighboring month, Proteus, seen as a background crook.

In this illustration, the asteroid (left bottom) is broken down under the powerful gravity of LSPM J0207 + 3331, the oldest, white dwarf surrounded by a ring of dusty lips. Scientists think that the infrared signal system is best explained by two different ring-shaped rings provided by crumbling asteroids.

Impressions of a disk artist with a warped and twisted Milky Way. This occurs when the forces rotate by massive outer space are placed on the external disk.

The 1.3-kilometer (0.8-mile) radius of the Kuiper Belt Object discovered by researchers on the edge of the solar system is believed to be the step between the balls of dust and ice and fully formed planets.

A selfie taken by NASA's Curiosity Mars rover in Vera Rubin Ridge before moving to a new location.

The Hubble Space Telescope finds a dwarf galaxy hiding behind a large star cluster in our cosmic neighborhood. It is so old and clean that researchers have called a "living fossil" from the first world.

How big black holes in the first world? This rotating gale of dark matter mixed is separated from three clusters that have fallen under their own gravity to form massive stars. The stars quickly collapse and form a huge black hole.

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope captured this image of the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy in our own Milky Way galaxy. These astrophysicists believe that it may be in conflict with our universe for two billion years.

A mysterious luminous thing in heaven, called "The Cow," was acquired in real time telescopes around the world. Astronomers believe it could be the birth of a black hole or neutron star, or a new kind of thing.

An illustration illustrates the discovery of a recurrent radio blast from a magical source of 3 billion light years from Earth.

Comet 46P / Wirtanen passes over 7 million miles of Earth on December 16. The ghostly green coma is the size of Jupiter, though the comet itself is almost three-quarters of a mile wide.

This mosaic The image of the asteroid Bennu consists of 12 PolyCam images collected on December 2 of the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft from the 15-mile range.

This picture of the globular cluster of the Hubble Space Telescope stars is one of the most ancient collections of stars known. The cluster, called NGC 6752, is over 10 billion years old.

An image of the Apep captured in the VISIR camera at the Very Large Telescope of the European Southern Observatory. This "pinwheel" star system is likely to be harmful to finish in a long period of gamma-ray explosion.

Impressions of a galaxy artist Abell 2597, showing a huge black hole emitting cold molecular gas such as the pump of a giant intergalactic fountain.

An image of the Wild Duck Cluster, in which each star is about 250 million years old.

These pictures show the last stage of a union between pairs of galactic nuclei in the scattered cores of colliding galaxies.

A radio hydrogen gas image on the Small Magellanic Cloud. Astronomers believe that the dwarf galaxy is slowly dying and will eventually be consumed by the Milky Way.

Further evidence of a massive black hole in the center of the Milky Way galaxy was found. This visualization uses data from simulations of orbital motions of gas swirling around about 30% of the speed of light in a circular orbit around the black hole.

Does this look like a bat on you? The giant shadow comes from a bright star that reflects the dusty disk surrounding it.

Hey, Bennu! The OSIRIS-REx mission of NASA, on its way to meeting the primitive asteroid Bennu, sends pictures as it approaches its target December 3.

These three panels show a supernova before , during and after 920 million light-years from Earth (from left to right). The supernova, called iPTF14gqr, is common because although the star is very large, its eruption is fast and weak. Researchers believe this is due to a companion star that releases its mass.

This is an artist's illustration of how a Neptune's moon would be to orbit the gas giant Kepler-1625b's exoplanet in a star system of 8,000 light years from Earth.

The description of an artist on Planet X, which may be shaping the orbits of the smaller expansive solar system objects such as the 2015 TG387.

This is an artist concept what the SIMP J01365663 + 0933473 might look like. It has 12.7 times the mass of Jupiter but a magnetic field 200 times stronger than Jupiter's. This object is 20 light years from Earth. It is in the boundary line between being a planet or being a brown dwarf.

The Andromeda galaxy provides and loads a large M32p galaxy, leaving this tiny galaxy known as M32. It is absolutely unique and contains many young stars.

Twelve new moons were seen around Jupiter. This graphic shows different groups of months and their orbits, along with new discoveries presented in bold.

Scientists and observers around the world followed a high-energy neutrino in a galaxy with a huge, fast-paced black hole in its center, known as a blazer. The galaxy sits on the left shoulder of Orion in its constellation and nearly four billion light years from Earth.

& # 39; Oumuamua, the first observed visitor between the stars in our solar system, is shown in an artist illustration.

The planets do not just come out with thin air – but they do not need gas, dust and other processes that astronomers understand. The artist's impression is what looks like "babies" planets around a young star.

The negative images of the 2015 BZ509, which are circled in yellow, show the first known interstellar that became permanent part of our solar system. The exo-asteroid is likely to be pulled into our solar system from another star system of 4.5 billion years ago. It then resides in a back orbit around Jupiter.

A close look at the diamond matrix on a meteorite that landed in Sudan in 2008. It is considered the first evidence of a proto-planet that has helped form the terrestrial planets in our solar system.

2004 The EW95 is the first carbon-rich asteroid confirmed to exist in the Kuiper Belt and a relic of the primordial solar system. This curious thing is likely to be formed on the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter before throwing billions of miles into its current home in the Kuiper Belt.

The NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope celebrates its 28th anniversary in space with a magnificent and colorful image of the Lagoon Nebula of 4,000 light years from Earth. While the whole nebula is 55 light years in total, this picture only shows a portion of about four light-years.

This is a more star-filled view of the Lagoon Nebula, using Hubble's infrared capability. The reason you see more stars is because the infrared can cut the dust and gas cloud to show the abundance of both the young stars inside the nebula, as well as the more distant stars in the background.

The Rosette Nebula is 5,000 light years from Earth. The unique nebula, with some claims seem more like a skull, has a hole in the middle that creates the illusion of his rose-like shape.

KIC 8462852, also known as Boyajian & # 39; s Star or Tabby & # 39; s Star, is 1,000 light years from us. It's 50% bigger than our sun and 1,000 degrees warmer. And it does not act like any other star, dimming and brightening sporadically. The dust around the star, described here in an artist's illustration, may be the most likely cause of its uniqueness.

This internal slope of a Martian crater has several seasonal dark streaks called "recurrent slope lineae," or RSL, that a November 2017 report refers to grain flow, rather than darkening due to flowing water. The image is from the HiRISE camera at NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

This artist's impression shows the explosion of the supernova, which contains the light of 100 million suns. The Supernova iPTF14hls, which exploded multiple times, may be the most massive and longest long term to be observed.

This photo shows hydrocarbon compounds divided into carbon and hydrogen within the giant ice, like Neptune, which becomes "diamond (rain) shower."

This magnificent picture is the stellar nursery at the Orion Nebula, where the stars are born. The red filaments are a stretch of ammonia molecules with a size of 50 light years. The blue represents the gas of the Orion Nebula. This photo is a composite of observation from Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope and NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey. Discover a telescope. "We still do not understand in detail how huge clouds of gas in our Galaxy collapse to form new stars," says Rachel Friesen, one of co-Principal Investigators of collaboration. "But ammonia is a good ray of dense gas formation."

It looks like Earth and its moon from Mars. The image is a composite of the best Earth image and the best image of the moon taken on November 20, 2016, by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The orbiter's camera takes images into three wavelength bands: infrared, red and blue-green. Mars is about 127 million miles from Earth when the images are taken.

PGC 1000714 was initially thought to be a common elliptical expanse, but a broader review revealed the incredible rare Hoag-type galaxy discovery. It has a round circle surrounded by two separate rings.

NASA's Cassini spacecraft has taken these images of the mysterious jetstream-shaped shape of the hexagon in December 2016. Hexagon is discovered in pictures taken by the Voyager spacecraft in the early 1980's. It is estimated to have a diameter greater than two Earths.

A dead star gives a greenish glow to the Hubble Space Telescope image of the Crab Nebula, located about 6,500 light years from Earth in the Taurus constellation. NASA released the photo for Halloween 2016 and played the theme in its press release. The agency said that "visible spooky objects still have wrists." In the center of the Crab Nebula is the crushed core, or "heart" of an exploded star. The heart rotates 30 times per second and produces a magnetic field that generates 1 trillion volts, according to NASA.

Marking the thick clouds of the galactic bulge dust, a global astronomer group revealed the unusual mix of star formation in the cluster known as Terzan 5. New results indicate that Terzan 5 is one In the blocks of the primordial building block, it is likely that the relics of the early days of the Milky Way.

The concept of an artist on Planet Nine, which will be the farthest planet in our solar system. The same cluster of orbits of intense objects on the edge of our solar system suggests a huge planet located there.

A description of the orbits of new and formerly known very distant objects in the Solar System. The clustering of most of their orbits indicates that they are likely to be influenced by something very large and very far, the proposed Planet X.

Say hello to the dark galaxy Dragonfly 44. Like our Milky Way, it has a mix of spherical clusters of stars around its core. A classic nova occurs when a white dwarf star gets from its second star (a red dwarf) over a period of time, causing a thermonuclear reaction to the surface which eventually blows into a single visible -alis. It creates a 10,000-fold increase in light, illustrated here by an artist's rendering.

Gravitational lensing and warping space are seen in this image of the near and distant galaxies that Hubble has captured.

At the center of our galaxy, the Milky Way, researchers discovered an X-shaped structure within a tightly packed group of stars. UGC 1382 is located: What astronomers think is that a normal elliptical space (left) has actually been shown to be a huge disc space composed of different parts when viewed by ultraviolet and in-depth optical data ( center and right). With a complete reversal of the normal space structure, the center is smaller than its outer spiral disk.

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope captured this picture of the Crab Nebula and its "heartless heart," a neutron star on the right of two bright stars in the center of this image. The neutron star pulses 30 times in a second. The colors of the rainbow are visible due to the movement of nebula materials that occur during the period of the image.

The Hubble Space Telescope captured an image of a hidden galaxy that was more spacious than the Andromeda or Milky Way. The low level of brightness, called UGC 477, is more than 110 million light-years away in the Pisces constellation.

On April 19, NASA released new images of bright brass Ceres. This picture shows the Haulani Crater, with evidence of landslides from its rim. Scientists believe that some craters on the dwarf planet are evident because they are relatively new.

This illustration shows millions of grain of grain The Cassini spacecraft of NASA has a sample near Saturn. Some of these dozens appear to originate beyond our solar system.

This photo from the VLT Survey Telescope at the ESO's Paranal Observatory in Chile demonstrates a very good concentration of galaxies known as the Fornax Cluster, located in the Southern Hemisphere. In the middle of this cluster, in the middle of three bright blobs on the left side of the image, lies in a cD galaxy – a galactic cannibal that grows in size by the depletion of tiny galaxies.

This image shows the central region of the Tarantula Nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud. The small, bulky cluster of R136, containing hundreds of large stars, is seen at the bottom right of the image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope.

In March 2016, astronomers published a paper on powerful red flash from the V404 Cygni binary system in 2015. This image shows a black hole, similar to one of V404 Cygni, which destroys material from an orbital star.

This photo shows the elliptical galaxy NGC 4889, deeply embedded within the coma galaxy cluster. There is a very small black hole in the center of the galaxy.

The artist's impression of 2MASS J2126, which lasted 900,000 years to orbit its star, was 1 trillion kilometers away.

Caltech researchers discovered the evidence of a giant planet that scares a strange, long orbit on the external solar system. The thing, with the nickname of Planet Nine, has a mass about 10 times that of Earth and orbits about 20 times farther than the average day than Neptune.

The artist's impression is what looks like a black hole. In February, researchers in China said they saw a huge black hole 12 billion times the size of the day.

Are there oceans in any of the months of Jupiter? The Juice survey shown in this artist's impression seeks to know. Photo courtesy of ESA / AOES

Astronomers discovered powerful aurors in a brown dwarf of 20 light-years away. This is an artist's concept of phenomenon.

The Venus, the bottom, and Jupiter are gaining brightly above Matthews, North Carolina, on Monday, June 29. The bright close encounter, called a concert, gives a dazzling display to the sky summer. Even though the two planets appear together, in fact they are millions of miles apart.

The ice of Europe's Jupiter ice can be the best place in the solar system to find extraterrestrial life, according to NASA. The moon is about the size of the Earth's moon, and there is evidence that it has an ocean under its frozen bread which can contain twice as much water as Earth. NASA's 2016 budget includes a request for $ 30 million to plan a mission to investigate Europe. The above picture was taken by the Galileo spacecraft on November 25, 1999. It is a 12-frame mosaic and is regarded as the best image yet on the European side facing Jupiter.

The nebula, or cloud of gas and dust, is called RCW 34 or Gum 19. The brightest spot you can see is that the gas is being heated by the young stars. Eventually, the gas came out like a champagne after a bottle was not removed. Scientists call this flow of champagne. The new image of the nebula was taken by the Great Space Telescope of the European Space Organization in Chile. RCW 34 is in the constellation of Vela in the southern sky. The name means "sails of a ship" in Latin.

The Hubble Space Telescope captured images of the three beautiful months of Jupiter – Io, Callisto, and Europe – passing at once.

Using strong optics, a planet like the body found, J1407b, with Saturn & # 39; s sized 200 times the ring. It is an artist's description of the rings of the planet J1407b, which is eclipsing a star.

A patch of stars is missing from this image from the La Silla Observatory in Chile. But the stars are actually still there behind a cloud of gas and dust called the Lynds Dark Nebula 483. Clouds are nearly 700 light years from Earth in the Serpens (The Serpent) constellation.

This is the largest Hubble Space Telescope image ever assembled. It is a part of the galaxy beside the door, Andromeda (M31).

NASA captured an amazing new image of the so-called "Pillars of Creation," one of the most iconic space agency discoveries. The giant column of cold gas, in a small Eagle Nebula region, was popularized by a similar image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope in 1995.

Astronomers using the Hubble Space pieced together this picture shows a small section of space in the south-hemisphere Fornax constellation. Inside the deep space of the image is 10,000 galaxies, back in time to some hundred million years after the Big Bang.

The planet nebula Abell 33 appears to be like this image, used with the HUGE of the European Southern Observatory Telescope. The blue bubble is created when an old star pours out the outer layers and a star in front of the event to repair them to create an effect of the "diamond ring".

This Hubble image looks like a floating marble or maybe a giant, erasing the eye. But really a nebula with a giant star in its center. Scientists believe that the star is used 20 times greater than our day, but dies and destined to go supernova.


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