Leonhard Foeger | Reuters
Hungary's Prime Minister Viktor Orban talked to supporters after the announcement of partial results of the parliamentary elections in Budapest, Hungary, April 8, 2018.
Orban was a prominent critic of immigration and the Hungarian government caused a controversy over the European Union, where Hungary was a member, when it (including eastern European neighbors) refused to allow asylum seekers to enter the country during the migration crisis on the continent in 2015.
Hungary's government led by Orban by the Fidesz party is also accused of backtracking to democratic values, law rules, minority rights and media freedom. As a result, EU opposition, along with Poland, could now face opposition from members of the European Parliament (MEPs) who voted last year to trigger disciplinary procedures against it because it was seen as a violation of the basic value of block.
Like other conservatives, nationalist governments in Europe, Hungary are concerned about the move and the decline in birth rates. Eurostat data from mid-2018, the latest available, shows that birth rates will continue to decline in the EU as a whole. In 2017, 5.1 million babies were born in the EU, 90,000 less than last year. In the same year, 5.3 million deaths were registered.
While birth rates remain stable in Ireland, Sweden, U.K. and France, the lowest birth rate is registered in Italy, Greece, Portugal and Spain. Hungarian birth rates are below the EU average – In Hungary the crude birth rate in 2017 is 9.7 per 1,000 residents, below just EU average of 9.9 per 1,000 residents.
In 2017, 94,600 live births were registered in Hungary and 131,900 deaths were registered, equivalent to a population decline of more than 37,000 people, the Eurostat shows.