For example, Cyber attacks can put an impressive large role in the event of a conflict, oil system upsurge or even cause damage. "Iran has a large cyber environment and in the event of a significant US military action against Iran, they can expect them to develop these abilities against the US and its allies," said John MacWilliams, a companion deputy secretary and chief risk officer at the Obama Department of Energy administration.
Mr. MacWilliams said the Pentagon monitors Iran's cyber skills and is likely to have plans to counter them. "Another more important reason why military action from the rapid spread of greater conflict can be difficult," he said.
"The market's view is that even though the incidents are significant and noteworthy, at present there is no effect on actual production or export," says Neil Atkinson, head of the oil industry and market division of the International Energy Agency, a multinational group based in Paris.
Analyzers also say oil installations are resilient, with most damage easily and quickly adjusted. The Saudis were through a series of wars in the Gulf and rejiggered their installations with a potential threat to the mind. "They have no prayer," says Sadad I. Husseini, former vice president of Aramco, who speaks of the possibility of serious interruptions in oil exports of the kingdom.
In the event of a major conflict, some analysts point out that the great presence of US military forces in the area means Iran has limited success only if it tries to stop oil flows from Gulf. "Iran is a very small military power when things grow," said Anthony H. Cordesman, a defense expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. Mr. Cordesman added that the consequences of a conflict in the region are "higher prices and limited flow, not a long closure of the Gulf."
Together with the territory of most parts of the eastern Gulf, including the important Strait of Hormuz, Iran is well positioned to cause trouble. Mr. Binnie said that in the war situation Iran could burn anti-ship missiles with radar that facilitates large targets. "Tankers are extremely vulnerable to that situation," he said.