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Suicides rates in girls are rising, studying, especially in ages 10 to 14



Nationwide Children's Hospital researchers at Columbus, Ohio examined rates of suicide by US children and youth aged 10 to 19 between 1975 and 2016 using Wide-wide Online Data for in the Epidemiologic Research database, managed by US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

At that time, there were more than 85,000 suicides in children and adolescents, with 80% in males and 20% in girls. Suicides rates have reached 1993 and have been declining until 2007, when they started to climb again, according to findings, published on JAMA Friday.

Although men are 3.8 times more likely than girls to kill themselves for 40 years of study, the interval is rapidly diminishing. Since 2007, rates of suicide for girls 1

0-14 have increased by 12.7% per year, compared to 7.1% for men of the same age. A similar trend is seen for youth 15-19, with suicide rates going up 7.9% for girls and 3.5% for boys.

Children aged 15 to 19 continue to take their own lives using firearms at higher rates than girls, but girls' rates of hanging and irritating come closer to men.

 More young people, especially young women, are trying to suicide by poisoning, the study says

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among children and adolescents aged 10 to 19 in the United States after accidents and accidental damages, according to the CDC. Suicide rates have higher history in men than girls in all age groups.

Girls who are becoming more deadly are caused by "great concern," explains leading author Donna Ruch, scientific research at Nationwide Children's Hospital continuing to try suicide higher rates and transfers to more deadly procedures can have tremendous consequences for suicide rate rates in this group.

The study was not designed to identify the reasons behind disturbing trends, explained Dr. Joan Luby, a child and youth psychiatrist at the Washington University School of Medicine, and Sarah Kertz, a clinical psychologist in Southern Illinois University, in a comment published next to the JAMA study.

But given the short time in which rates of suicide have caused girls, Luby and Kertz point to social media as a likely contributor.

Girls may be weaker than negative social media effects

"Compared to boys, girls use social media more often and more likely to experiencing cyberbullying, "Luby and Kertz wrote. [19659004] Depressed girls also get more negative responses from their social media friends than men, they added.

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Combined, they say, these findings indicate that negative social media effects may be stronger than girls and can provide an explanation as to why girls are more vulnerable to incredible thinking and behavior.

But social media can be just a piece of puzzle.

The role of society's rules and expectations

"We know that some social rules and expectations for women can be attributed to a higher level of mental health issues and suicide rates, "says Dr. Barbara Robles -Ramamurthy, child psychiatrist and adolescent in Long School of Medicine at UT Health San Antonio, who is not involved in the study. "Then you will add a possible biological component – hormones – and a genetic predisposition."

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Another reason for increasing depression and incredible behavior for both men and women can be more stress and pressure placed on children. Work out, Clay Center's executive director for Young Healthy Minds at the Massachusetts General Hospital and professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, who is still not involved in the study.

"Children feel more pressure to achieve, more pressure on school, and more worried about living than in previous years," he said.

In isolation, none of these factors have proven to lead to increased beliefs and ultimately suicide, but were taken together, a pattern beginning to emerge, Beresin said.

Identifying warning signs for children and adolescents

Mindset – especially when it comes to depression and anxiety – can be silent or manifest in ways parents expect, by Robles-Ramamurthy. In addition to loneliness, depression in children and young people can be shown as anger and tenderness.

"It's normal for your child to start getting a bit more faint and bad," he says about the years of childhood. "But if you start to see violent changes, their academic performance drops, they do not spend much time in the family or are separated, they are the big red flag."

If the behaviors are present, Robles-Ramamurthy adolescents recommend that it is clear if they feel depressed or considered to be hurt themselves or end up in their life. The direct questioning of these questions does not add to the risk of suicide, he added.

How to get help: In the United States, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255. The International Association for Suicide Prevention and Befrienders Worldwide also provides contact information for crisis centers around the world.


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